Word Power: How Well Do You Know These First Aid Terms?
First aid skills can prove invaluable. Review these terms from common medical situations and be prepared.
First aid term #1: Distal
A: Left of the heart
B: Remotely activated
C: Away from where a limb attaches to the body
Answer: C—Away from where a limb attaches to the body
As in, “To ensure Mira’s leg bandage wasn’t too tight, Ali checked her distal circulation.”
Find out which supplies you should keep in an emergency first aid kit.
First aid term #2: Bystander effect
A: Accident-witness trauma
B: Belief that someone else will take action
C: When rubberneckers block paramedics’ access to the scene
Answer: B—Belief that someone else will take action
As in, “Most witnesses to the accident succumbed to the bystander effect, but Nandini intervened.”
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Answer: C—Band of tissue that connects bones
As in, “A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments.”
Find out how to prevent knee problems at any age.
First aid term #4: Naloxone
A: Opioid-antagonist drug
B: Optical thermometer
C: Splint used to immobilize fractures
Answer: A—Opioid-antagonist drug
As in, “Naloxone can temporarily reverse the effects of an opioid overdose.”
Find out why nobody is immune to opioid abuse.
First aid term #5: Febrile
A: Suddenly feeble
B: With fever
Answer: B—With fever
As in, “The baby was febrile, so Marcus removed the extra blankets.”
Here are the red flags your fever could be something more serious.
Answer: B—Recommended position for an unconscious yet breathing person
As in, “To keep the man’s airway open, Nadia rolled him into the recovery position.”
Here are the essential steps of CPR everyone should know.
First aid term #7: Hypoxia
A: Nausea from shock
B: Oxygen deficiency in bodily tissues
C: Racing heartbeat
Answer: B—Oxygen deficiency in bodily tissues
As in, “Seeing that Zoé was showing bluish skin and other signs of hypoxia, Kris called 911.”
Check out these life-saving medical innovations coming to a hospital near you.
First aid term #8: Defibrillator
A: Carbon monoxide detector
B: Anti-anxiety medication
C: Apparatus for restoring an effective heart rhythm
Answer: C—Apparatus for restoring an effective heart rhythm
As in, “Defibrillators are often placed in public buildings in case of sudden cardiac arrest.”
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Answer: C—Powder used in soothing lotions
As in, “Calamine can reduce the itching caused by poison ivy.”
Check out more home remedies for poison ivy.
First aid term #10: Convulsion
A: Excessive blood loss
B: Abnormal, involuntary muscle contractions
C: Repulsion of a foreign object from a wound
Answer: B—Abnormal, involuntary muscle contractions
As in, “Izad protected Alberto from injury until his convulsions finally stopped.”
First aid term #11: Crepitus
A: Grating noise caused by fractured bone friction
B: Reversible state of clinical death
C: Extreme loss of balance
Answer: A—Grating noise caused by fractured bone friction
As in, “When Alison heard the telltale crepitus, she knew she’d broken her arm.”
These daily habits can boost your bone health.
As in, “To lower the risk of a septic wound, wash the area, apply antibiotic cream and cover it.”
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First aid term #13: Hyperglycemia
A: Excess blood sugar
B: Excess insulin
C: Sugar craving
Answer: A—Excess blood sugar
As in, “Medical ID bracelets can help bystanders recognize hyperglycemia and other diabetic emergencies.”
You might want to speak with your doctor if you recognize these silent signs of diabetes.
First aid term #14: Contusion
B: Head injury
C: Mental confusion
As in, “The acronym RICE (rest, immobilize, cool, elevate) is useful for treating contusions.”
Answer: B—Severe allergic reaction
As in, “Ji-Yoon went into anaphylaxis but fortunately had an EpiPen.”
If you enjoyed this quiz of first aid terms, try matching these ocean words with their proper definitions.